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CBD + Hemp

Delta 8

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Delta-8-Tetrahydrocannabinol

Delta-8-THC is a minor cannabinoid, occurring in the plant in very small concentrations. Delta-8-THC is also known to be a degraded form of THC, and is not directly produced by cannabinoid-synthesizing enzymes within the plant. When THC is stored for a period of time, it degrades into delta-8-THC. Commercial growers and extractors use selective breeding and molecular isolation to access greater quantities of delta-8-THC. Blue Forest Farms has Delta 8 available for purchase. Please get in contact with us today for your Delta 8 needs.

What is Delta-8-THC?

Delta-8-THC is distinct from the THC that is often mentioned in conversation about cannabis. What we refer to as THC usually means delta-9-THC, the main form of THC found in cannabis. Delta-8-THC  is an analog of delta-9-THC, a molecule with a similar structure, but some notable differences. While the two share many similar properties, such as reportedly stimulating appetite, reducing nausea, and soothing pain, delta-8-THC tends to exhibit a lower psychotropic potency than delta-9-THC. Read More at Weedmaps

Is hemp-derived Delta-8 THC llegal?

“Our clients frequently ask us about the legality of Delta-8 THC and our view has been that the cannabinoid, if derived from hemp and the end product remains at or below Delta-9 THC, then the substance is likely legal.” Read more from the Law firm Coats Rose.

Holding Hemp Plants

Top 4 Natural Ways to Solve YourPlant Pest Problem

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Sometimes it’s the smallest things that cause the biggest problems.  Whether you have a backyard garden, some marijuana plants on a window sill, or a 100 acre hemp farm, insects, bugs, and pests can be a constant source of mental, and even financial, stress. It is only natural to want to keep these critters and other diseases off your precious plants, but combatting them doesn’t mean resorting to unnatural methods.  

Sure, there are tons of chemicals and sprays that can certainly kill off those invaders, but why risk contaminating your plants at the same time with potentially dangerous poisons when there are natural and organic methods you can use that are much healthier for you and the planet.

Wash Away Plant Pests with Soap

That’s right, soap. If bugs have already gotten to your marijuana plants or hemp farm and are causing havoc and eliminating them is your only option, you don’t need to look any further than soap. By mixing just a teaspoon of any natural dish or castile soap with a quart of water in a spray bottle, you’ve got a powerful weapon against most pests.  

This works because soap has fatty acids that wear away at insect’s shells, and eventually cause them to perish. If you’re looking for a quick and cheap solution that you can implement today, it would be hard to find a better solution than this.

Protect Your Plants with Pepper and Garlic

They may not technically be vampires, but pests do have a few things in common with these fictional monsters. For one, they both prey on healthy hosts, but more importantly both can’t stand the stench of garlic. By dicing up a hot pepper and bulb of garlic, blending them together with a cup of water, and straining out the liquid into a spray bottle, you’ve got yourself a repellant strong enough to keep even Dracula out of your cannabis.  

Any hot pepper will work, such as black pepper, chili pepper, dill, and even ginger or paprika. The important part is that whatever you use contains capsaicin, which is responsible for their hot flavor. Combine this mixture with the soap spray for double the effectiveness!

Hone the Power of Coffee and Beer

Hold on, let me explain before you raise your pitchforks at the mere mention of wasting either of these precious beverages. Coffee grounds are another amazing repellant, but work on more than just bugs.  If you have to deal with other invaders like slugs, but also some larger plant predators like cats and deer, coffee grounds are your solution.  

As for beer, it turns out that snails and slugs may like it just as much as humans do. But wait, why would we use something the pests like? To entice them away from eating your plants, of course. By playing bartender for these hungry little fellows you can draw them away from damaging your garden.

Add More Plants

When your cannabis plants are at risk, sometimes the best solution is more plants. Not the same plants, mind you, but specific plants that naturally ward off certain pests and insects. For example, catnip can help repel aphids, radishes can keep beetles at bay, and sunflowers are amazing at distracting pests to them instead of your more valuable plants.  

Then there are the herbs that emit aromas to keep a huge array of pests away.  Yarrow, citronella, mint, fennel, lemongrass, lavender, and basil are some of the most potent for not only deterring many of the most common pests, but have the added bonus of also attracting some of their natural predators.  

Some gardeners and farmers may have resigned themselves to one of two unfortunate realities: either they have pests or must resort to toxic chemicals to keep them away.  In reality, there are plenty of ways to keep pests, large and small, away that are totally natural and healthy for your plants.  Simple household soap is just as effective at eliminating insects as any chemical, and from there, tons of options exist to keep new pests from moving in.  

If you don’t happen to have some of these ingredients, they are far cheaper than the chemical equivalents, plus can even enhance your garden if you choose to incorporate some new plants for their natural properties in repelling different invaders.  

Check out our Integrated Pest Management Grow Guide for additional intervention methods.

Sources:

https://www.hgtv.com/outdoors/gardens/planting-and-maintenance/aphids-slugs-and-snails-oh-my-keep-bugs-out-of-the-garden-naturally

https://www.angieslist.com/articles/insects-bugging-your-plants-try-these-10-natural-insecticides.htm

https://www.enkiverywell.com/how-to-keep-bugs-out-of-garden.html

https://oureverydaylife.com/homemade-hornet-insect-spray-12421336.html

https://keephomecaresafe.org/keep-bugs-eating-vegetables-garden/

A Guide to the State Politics of Hemp

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Even so far into the year, many professionals agree that the view of the hemp and CBD industry for 2020 is still unclear. One of the primary reasons can be attributed to state agriculture departments, registered growers, and shifting state politics surrounding hemp as a crop and consumer item. Everything from the definition of hemp flower, the process of growers becoming licensed, marketing regulations, growing regulations, commissions, and the legal protection of growers are all determined by state policymakers. 

So, while federal level laws say one thing, state-level legislation may say another, leading to dangerous outcomes for farmers who aren’t paying close enough attention to both. While it is certainly one of the least attractive parts of the hemp industry, maintaining knowledge of how the politics of hemp and CBD currently stands, and how it continues to evolve, is critical to remaining compliant and in business. 

The Federal Politics of Hemp 

Up until 2018, the 2014 Farm Bill was the current word from the federal government on what hemp was and how it could be used. At that time, the hemp plant was only allowed to be grown and produced at state departments of agriculture or universities as part of research and pilot programs. 

That all changed in 2018 with a new Farm Bill that removed the inclusion of hemp from the Controlled Substances Act and placed it as an agricultural product. This bill defined the hemp plant species Cannabis sativa as an agricultural product, so long as the delta-9 THC amount was no more than 0.3%. All hemp cultivation was under the jurisdiction of the U.S Department of Agriculture. 

Late in 2019, the USDA proposed an interim final rule on a previous ruling that maintains the legal shipment of hemp through states that do not allow hemp to be grown. This rule also gave states the power to submit plans and apply to be the primary regulatory authority of their state’s hemp production. State plans must include methods of land tracking, testing protocols, and destruction of hemp that does not meet the 0.3% THC requirements. 

The State Politics of Hemp

As of 2019, forty-eight states have reviewed more than 200 bills regarding hemp production, with six currently enacting state programs. Those six include Connecticut, Georgia, Louisiana, Iowa, Ohio, and Texas. 

Other states have taken slightly different steps, like Florida, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Maryland which passed legislation to either expand or change the name on existing hemp programs. New Hampshire and Mississippi created study committees and task forces respectively to research hemp cultivation. Mississippi, along with Idaho, remains the only two states that do not allow commercial hemp cultivation. 

Among the rest of the states that have allowed hemp production, each one has its own regulations, programs, and permit requirements. For example, Colorado allows for hemp to be cultivated for commercial and research purposes, but under the regulations of the Industrial Hemp Committee under the Department of Agriculture, the establishment of a seed certification program, and grants for state institutions and universities researching hemp seed varieties. Georgia, on the other hand, is responsible for providing its own licensing requirements for hemp growers and processors and deems regulated hemp, and hemp products, as separate from marijuana as a controlled substance. 

Hemp Farmers by State

Judging by the data and reports available, new growers are continuing to enter the hemp industry all across the country, and existing farmers are looking to expand their operations. The Senior Communications Officer for the Minnesota Department of Agriculture stated that his state received 400 applications, of which 324 were given hemp program licenses, by the end of February this year. The Tennessee Department of Agriculture approved 107 new growers’ licenses for up to 510 acres in the 2020 season. 

Even more states report similar growth in their applicant numbers, which makes perfect sense when looked at with the individual state policies that have been established. Nearly every state has proven that they support the hemp industry growing and want it to succeed. 

We may like to imagine that it is for altruistic reasons they feel this way, but from a more realistic standpoint, they likely see this as an incredible funding opportunity. Permits and certifications often time costs money to acquire, and testing is a continual expense, plus the tax money states can collect on this new product is plenty of incentive for most states to get onboard the hemp train.

Despite the complexity when taken as a whole, you only really need to worry about legislation on the Federal level, and what is dictated by your individual state. Permits, certifications, and testing requirements should all be investigated to make sure you get off on the right foot as a new hemp farmer and need to be kept up on any changes or alterations in policies and laws as time goes on. 

Hemp is in a funny place, with an industry nearly growing faster than laws and policies can keep up with. Staying abreast of state hemp politics will keep you safe from any unfortunate breaches and encourage the industry’s trajectory to continue upward. 

Sources:

https://www.hempbenchmarks.com/hemp-market-insider/outlook-us-hemp-production-in-2020/?utm_source=HB+Report+Subscribers+-+MASTER&utm_campaign=b58b34fd03-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2020_02_25_06_27_COPY_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_50e1876f55-b58b34fd03-185474745

https://www.ncsl.org/research/agriculture-and-rural-development/state-industrial-hemp-statutes.aspx#state

https://www.cannabisbusinesstimes.com/page/marijuana-legislative-map-cbt/

sample COA CBD Lab Results

CBD Lab Results Decoded: How to Read a CBD Lab Report

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When you decide to purchase a CBD product the number of choices is staggering! It’s especially easy to see this explosion of options in the online marketplaces for CBD offerings. This is great, as it gives consumers plenty of options and variety to pick from, but it can also be a bit overwhelming and intimidating to try and make an informed decision. Everyone wants to know they’re buying from a reputable company, but how can you actually tell one that is from one that isn’t? 

Since the FDA has yet to mandate any regulations on CBD products, a good indicator that you’re shopping at a company with excellent standards is whether they provide lab results. Of course, it’s wonderful when you can access that information on a company’s website, but most of us aren’t scientists who know where to begin when looking at some of these tests. 

Above we’re looking at one of Blue Forest Farms lab tests and we’ll break down the vital information you should be looking for in these potency lab results.

CBD Content in Lab Results

This is probably the most important result and the one you’ll most likely want to check first since it will let you know that you’re actually getting the amount of that main ingredient that the label says you are. 

For example, BFF Advanced Formula Organic Lemon Drops come in a 600mg bottle, with 14mg of CBD per serving, according to the label. So, when you look at the lab breakdown, locate the result for CBD, and follow it across, you’ll see that the amount of milligrams per gram (Result mg/g or Total Potential CBD at the bottom) is 14.61, slightly higher than, but almost identical to, what’s promised on the label. In general, test results shouldn’t vary more or less than around 10-20% of what is advertised. 

There’s another useful column to note, which is the first one, LOQ(mg). You may be wondering what LOQ(mg) refers to, and what that result means. LOQ stands for “Limit of Quantitation.” That’s a fancy way of saying the smallest amount for which the test can provide reliable accuracy. While it is a way to evaluate the precision of the testing, and the sample result shouldn’t be much less than than the LOQ, this isn’t a column you should be very concerned with.

THC Content in Lab Results

A big red flag that a company isn’t properly sourcing the hemp for their products can be found in the THC levels. Again, this result can be found at the very bottom of our example, just above Total Potential CBD, and should be at or below 0.3%, which is the current legal limit. 

You probably see that there is a small amount of THCV in this test, however THCV is a cannabinoid unique from regular THC. THCV is not a psychoactive unless taken in very high doses. The THC you want to make sure is 0, or at least below 0.3%, is Delta 9- Tetrahydracannabinol (Delta 9THC), second from the top on the list of compounds in our example. This is the psychoactive type of THC.

Other Areas of Note

When checking on the legitimacy of a product, the amount of CBD and THC are likely the two main questions you’ll have on your mind, and, in this example, that information is easy enough to find. Not only is it all compiled for you right at the bottom, but there’s also the handy pie graph on the left comparing not only CBD, CBDa, delta 9 THC, and THCa, but also a full 15fifteen compound breakdown if you want to really geek out on what cannabinoids are in your product. 

Other cannabinoids you may be interested in are CBDV, and CBG. These two unique compounds are rising stars in the CBD hemp industry. We’ll link to our blog posts here for full details on these and other new cannabinoids as more are discovered.

Find Your Personalized CBD Lab Results with BFF

CBD products are meant to help us be healthy, calm, and relaxed in body and mind, so shopping for them shouldn’t be a stressful event. Now that you have the tools to identify a trustworthy seller from one that might have a reason to keep their information hidden, and how to easily find the most relevant information to make sure the product you’re buying is perfect for you, CBD shopping can be a stress-free activity. If you shop with BFF, finding your personalized test result is as simple as entering your batch number on our site!

Sources:

https://hempdaddys.com/how-to-read-cbd-lab-tests/

https://www.marijuanabreak.com/thcv-tetrahydrocannabivarin

https://www.botanacor.com/education/understanding-your-lab-report/

organic hemp farm

Grow Guide: Integrated Pest Management

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One of the most widespread myths regarding hemp is that it is pest and disease resistant. Yes, hemp is quite hardy compared to other agronomics but that doesn’t mean its immune to pests. In fact, some of the pests that affect things like corn or tobacco also affect hemp. Because the hemp industry is still in its infancy, whether you’re growing hemp for CBD hemp oil wholesale to be made into flavored tinctures or other reasons, farmers lack clear guidelines when it comes to managing these pests and diseases. Thankfully, we have some tips. 

Nearly 100 fungal pathogens, a number of bacteria, viruses, and parasites, not to mention 300 insect pests have the capacity to harm your thriving hemp crop. With that being said, many of these pests and diseases don’t cause enough harm to trigger economic damage. So rather than saying that hemp is pest and disease resistant, a more accurate phrase would be that hemp is pest tolerant. 

Although no clear literature regarding the subject exists, due to lack of research and a budding industry, integrated pest management proves to be the best approach when it comes to maintaining healthy crops. 

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) combines multiple methods to manage pest problems. The main goal of this is not to completely eradicate pests, but rather prevent, reduce, or maintain pest populations at non-damaging levels, while relying on as few chemical pesticides as possible.

Knowledge 

When it comes to creating an effective IPM strategy, the first step should be accurately identifying the pests and then establishing thresholds to determine when and if action is required. One of the most important factors when it comes to pest management is prevention. It seems quite obvious, doesn’t it? But it’s not as easy as it sounds. 

Prevention

There are a few different ways you can prevent pests from hunkering down in your hemp crop. First and foremost, when bringing new plants into a closed environment, indoor growers should always inspect and quarantine plants to avoid to spread of pests and establish sanitation practices to prevent pests from entering on shoes, clothing, or equipment . By maintaining consistent field or environmental conditions, you will reduce the pests’ habitats and in turn their presence. 

Monitoring

It’s best to consistently monitor your crops for pests. This way you have the potential to catch the issues before it turns into a real problem. Pheromone traps or yellow sticky cards can be used to asses which and how many pests are present in your crops. 

Intervention

If you do detect pests and intervention is required, it is best to evaluate all available options to determine which would be the most effective with the least negative side effects. At this point, you could probably call yourself a plant doctor as you figure out an optimal treatment plan. 

Cultural, Mechanical, Biological and Chemical Pest Control

Pest control can often include cultural, mechanical, biological and chemical methods. Integrative pest management strategies often utilize one or more of these options with chemical methods being the last plan of action. 

Cultural control methods alter the environment to make the industrial an unaccommodating habitat for pests.  These modifications might include practices like altering the irrigation schedule or type to combat mold or root disease. Another example would be growing a companion crop like chamomile to that attracts beneficial insects like ladybugs. 

Mechanical controls utilize physical methods to mitigate pest problems. A few examples of this would be removing weeds and diseased plant material, using traps, or putting filters on air intakes. 

Biological controls use natural enemies to attack the pest. For example, a greenhouse grower might release predatory mites in their greenhouse in an attempt to control a spider mite problem. These methods prove extremely safe and effective. However,  both researchers and farmers notice new pests and diseases almost every day, suggesting much more research is needed to determine which predators are effective at controlling which pests and in what environments these pests and predators thrive. 

Lastly, we have chemical control methods or pesticide, which should always be used sensibly.

Up until December 2019, there were no approved pesticides for use on hemp. This changed when the Environmental Protection Agency approved the use of 10 products, 9 of which are biochemical pesticides with one conventional pesticide in the mix. However, it is never recommended that they be the sole pest management method in hemp cultivation.

By approving the use of pesticides, the EPA took the first few steps to providing crop protection to American farmers.  Even though research and literature regarding pest management methods and hemp cultivation prove to be lacking, it’s clear that the industry in addition to the United States’ government are moving in the direction of making hemp a national commodity and with that will come comprehensive pest and disease mitigation programs. 

 

Sources:

https://hempindustrydaily.com/hemp-growers-slowly-getting-help-battle-weeds-pests/

https://mass-cannabis-control.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/Guidance-on-Integrated-Pest-Management.pdf

http://www.gray-robinson.com/1008/article/post/2353/for-the-first-time-epa-approves-pesticides-for-use-in-cultivating-hemp

BFF Hemp

Starting A Hemp Brand. Should You White vs Private Label? Learn the Difference

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Starting Your Hemp Brand Business

Likely right now you’ve got more time on your hands, counting COVID blessings 🙌🏾. I know we’ve been saying this a lot of late, but these are still unprecedented times. The Blue Forest Farms family has always been made up of farmers, entrepreneurs, and industry disruptors who are resilient and no stranger to challenges. We understand that with chaos comes a certain opportunity as well.

Drawing inspiration from tech, some of the most popular startups of today we’re birthed out of the 2008 USA economic crisis, seeing that we’re in a challenging time of today, now is a great time to get started in the hemp industry, or take your existing hemp business to the next level.

Different and Various Hemp Business Options

For being one of the oldest industrial crops even known to man, the global hemp industry is still at a very young development stage in history. Here in the United States things have picked up since 2014, fast-forward to 2020 countries from South Africa and Australia are starting to come online. We’re seeing legislation being passed, and conversations about the growth and exciting opportunities economically, socially, and environmentally leading to various business opportunities.

Harvest Hemp For Oil Business

Most of the approved legal hemp plans involve regulations for limits of THC levels indicating that growers of organic hemp are doing so primarily for wholesale CBD isolate and concentrate. This option is appealing to the industry because of the familiarity of people knowing how to process the Cannabis plan into oil and make other distillates in bulk. Blue Forest Farms has experience in this arena, we launched our Whats Your Number System earlier this year.

Start a Hemp Tech Company

Also earlier this year during our Future of Cannabis Webinar we learned that Cannabis specific investment firms increasingly are financing new software or platforms that impact the tech side of the hemp industry. This can be solutions for payment processing online, or in cannabis dispensaries, to at-home devices like this easy bake oven for making your very own CBD edible treats at home. If you’ve got an innovative tech idea that relates to hemp, and want to pique the interest of investors this is a good route to take.

Start a Hemp Investment Firm

Speaking of investors, ask yourself if you meet these conditions: you’re the type who would rather not get their hands dirty in the field, greenhouse, or laboratory, and you’ve got a lot of spare cash lying around. If you answered yes to both, you’re in the perfect position to become a hemp investor. You can go the traditional route and get accredited, or use sources like social media, apps, and crowdsourcing platforms to find brands looking for funding.

Social Justice Brand or Hemp Healing Center

The cannabis industry has a long history with injustices, and as we see states like California, Hawaii, Texas, Florida, joining the hemp revolution social justice organizations, non-profits, and community groups are forming business whose sole focus is to bring balance to humanity in some way through the power of this amazing plant! If you’re heart is in it, you may want to start this type of hemp business.

Flower Specialty line

An excellent business to start or expand to if you’re already growing hemp is a Flower Specialty Line. Instead of processing CBD flower for oils, you can use the hemp flower to make pre-rolled cigarettes, or sell the hemp flower in bulk. If you grow exclusive hemp strains like Hot Blonde and Queen Dream you avoid the market saturation of other strains. This is the same for growing hemp strains that are good for bulk hemp oil as well.

Growing Hemp For A White or Private Label Retail Line

One of the hemp business types that we support at Blue Forest Farms is supporting our farmers with answering the question what can you do with wholesale CBD isolate and concentrate? With our extensive lab experience and relationships we have successfully formulated unique and award winning products that can be sold direct to a consumer, or at wholesale distribution prices.

Contact us now at (303) 962-8250 to get started, mention #blueisbest to save 20% your initial white or private label order.

Hemp Private LabelWhat’s The Difference Between White Label and Private Label

The difference between the two is minor, but important. A private label brand is sold exclusively at one retailer through an agreement between two businesses while when you start a white label brand you are taking the formulation of an already existing brand, like BFF Hemp What’s Your Number System and putting your own label (renaming and rebranding) on it to resell as your own.

Benefits of Private Label

If you already own a retail storefront that is direct to consumer, like a dispensary, health club, cafe, or you’re thinking about opening one, having a private label CBD Hemp brand in your store has a huge benefit to your business. Consumers will only be able to get that specific product offering at your location(s), therefore driving traffic directly to you increasing sales of all your services and products. You benefit from the cross marketing of the private label, and people these days enjoy being able to say they use “an exclusive brand.” It’s great for social media collaboration and attention points.

Benefits of White Label

With white label, you have way more flexibility and control. You can get creative with your branding and marketing, and because of the nature of our global economy, your return on investment opportunity is greater than the private label route. It’s also a lot easier. More brands are eager to allow white labeling of their product, and everything is ready to go from a assets perspective. It’s a plug and play solution that can easily scale.

Contact us now at (303) 962-8250 to get started, mention #blueisbest to save 20% your initial white or private label order.

Growers Guide: Diseases and Pests to Look For When Growing Hemp

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Hemp Farm Pest and Disease Management

Since the passage of the farm bill, there has been a hemp boom In the United States, with farmers from all over the country purchasing wholesale hemp seeds, and cashing in on the crop to make CBD bulk isolate, CBD hemp oil and more. As the plant started to grow more widely across the country, farmers detected increasing amounts of pests and diseases. Some of these pests, like corn earworm, are no stranger to industrial farmers, as they affect other commercial crops. Regardless, these pests are still nuisances and are best controlled with an integrated pest management strategy.

Just like most things in life, the first step to making a change is acknowledging the problem. In this case, it’s identifying bugs, diseases, and other issues that negatively affect your hemp crop.

Without further ado, here some issues to look out for while growing hemp so you can prepare.

Common Hemp Pests

Hemp Plant Pests

Corn Earworm

According to researchers at Colorado State University, Corn Earworm holds the most potential for damage. When it comes to hemp, corn earworms are public enemy number one. This worm is widespread across the United States and has a few different monikers besides corn earworm. It’s also known as the tomato fruitworm and the bollworm.

You may be relieved to hear that the worm typically poses a threat to plants that produce large flowers rather than seed or fiber varieties, as the majority of the damage occurs when the insects tunnel into buds and developing seeds. In places with milder winters, the pupas can survive in the soil and remerge the following season.

Hemp Russet Mite

Hemp Russet Mites can very easily go unnoticed, as they are basically microscopic. Often times, farmers don’t notice an infestation until they notice a powdery substance on the plant. This can easily be mistaken for mold or pollen but in actuality, it’s thousands of tiny bugs. Some early signs of infestation include curling, discolored leaves as well as brittle foliage.

Russet Mite infestations have been reported in California, Oregon, Colorado, Washington, Kentucky, as well as Tennessee, suggesting that this pest can be found nationwide. Additionally, the pest affects both indoor and outdoor grows. Some have even had to completely destroy their fields due to the severity of infestation.

Cannabis Aphid

Aphids are basically hemp vampires but instead of blood they drink sap. While there are a number of aphid species around the world that affect a variety of plants, cannabis aphids are only known to live on– you guessed it– cannabis.

Aphids can typically be found on leaves and stems where they feed. Unlike thrips or spider mites, aphids don’t leave visible damage, making them significantly harder to detect. However, as they feed, aphids secrete a sticky fluid called honeydew, which can make the plant more susceptible to mold. This fluid appears as shiny dots on leaves, signaling the presence of aphids.  Farmers can also look for “cast skins” or the shedded exoskeleton of the insects to determine if they have an infestation.

Eurasian Hemp Borer

The Eurasian hemp borer is actually a moth in its caterpillar (larval) stage. Currently, the caterpillar is only known to live in places east of the Rocky Mountains.

Hemp borers cause damage by tunneling into the base of developing buds, which then causes the stem to wilt and die. Farmers have also reported damage to developing seed. The insect can survive through the winter as larva within stems and emerge to repopulate during the next season. Currently, there are no pheromone traps that will catch Eurasian Hemp Borers so the best way to detect their presence is either visually or with a sweep net.

Hemp Plant Diseases

Powdery Mildew

Due to higher humidity levels, powdery mildew primarily affects hemp grown in indoors. It is characterized by a fine white, tan, or gray powder on the surface of the plants. This powder signals fungal growth on the plant.

Powdery mildew doesn’t love high heat, favoring temperatures between 60 and 70 ºF. While the disease won’t kill the plant completely. It can negatively affect flowering, plant vigor, and yields.

Leaf Septoria

Leaf Septoria also known as yellow leaf spot is a harsh disease that affects the foliage of many plants. The disease is caused by the fungus Septoria lycopersici and is characterized by yellow and brown spots forming on the leaves. It rarely spreads to fruits so it is unlikely that flowers are affected.

Leaf Septoria proves prevalent in regions affected by periods of wet, humid conditions. With this in mind, farmers in the North Eastern and South Eastern United States should be particularly diligent about inspecting hemp leaves.

Industrial Hemp Farming Plant and Diseases Plan

The above represents only a few of the pests and diseases that can affect hemp crops around the United States. Even mice have been known to cause disasters if seeds are left in areas and containers that they can access. As the crop spreads further across the country, we can expect to see an increase in pests and diseases. Have no fear, though. With increased knowledge, we will be able to create superior pest and disease management strategies. We are excited to see what creepy crawlies make themselves known this season! Keep in touch with us on social for the most up to date information @blueforestfarms.

Sources:

https://webdoc.agsci.colostate.edu/hempinsects/PDFs/Corn%20earworm%20revised.pdf

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-12/pu-pss121608.php

https://webdoc.agsci.colostate.edu/hempinsects/PDFs/Eurasian%20hemp%20borer%20September%202018%20rewrite(1).pdf

https://academic.oup.com/jipm/article/10/1/26/5555744

https://agfax.com/2019/08/07/kentucky-hemp-dealing-with-septoria-leaf-spot/

https://www.cannabisbusinesstimes.com/article/common-marijuana-hemp-diseases/

Blue Forest Farms Organic Hemp

Hemp Growing and Farming To-Do List: Month 2

1970 1018 Blue Forest Farms

Hemp Farmer To Do List: Month 2

This month’s list may be shorter than last month’s, but is by no means easier. You may think the hard work is all done once you’ve gone through the work of:

  • prepping your organic hemp farm
  • planning your field
  • getting a hemp irrigation set up
  • establishing a pest and weed management plan
  • purchasing seeds
  • germinating 
  • plus all the technical and business legwork that had to be done

At this point, you might be hoping you have a chance to sit back and just let the plants do their thing until harvest time. Well, sorry to break it to you, but this is a vital time for your crop and losing focus now will cost you when that harvest date comes around. So, with all that said, let’s get into what you need to do to make your second month successful for you and your growing crop.  

  • Watering

If you followed our first Farmer To Do guide, then you should have already decided and implemented some kind of irrigation system. This is a prime month for plant growth for nearly all crops, so this is when that irrigation system is at its most important. Regular, adequate watering is key to more than just keeping your plants alive. If you want them to grow to their full potential, and produce the highest quality harvest, make sure your watering plan is adequate, and that you are consistent with it. 

  • Keep It Clean 

Tools, shoes, hands, everything needs to be cleaned, and cleaned regularly. Plants can be susceptible to all kinds of pathogens and invaders we don’t even think about or notice. Any person or tool used in or around your plants needs to be properly clean and sanitized before exposure to prevent any unintentional infection or infestation.  

  • Pest Management 

Hopefully our pitch for an integrated pest management system (IPM) sold you on the idea, because this is when you’re going the be very glad you have one. While your plants are growing, they are also becoming bigger targets for pests. By now you should have identified the predatory pests you want to bring in to your farm and start releasing them. This is also when routine checks should begin. Examine your plants for pest damage and infestation regularly to identify what pests you are dealing with early to make sure you have a plan to combat them as fast as possible.  

  • Weed Management 

Just like pests, you need to be constantly vigilant of invading weeds. Again, while we do suggest using plastic mulch to help reduce the chances of weeds appearing, there’s no way to completely guarantee a weed-free farm. While you’re checking for pests, make it a habit to also make sure the only thing you’re growing in your farm is what you actually want. 

  • Check For Males 

Another unfortunate reality is that it is impossible to achieve 100% feminization even from the most reliable and trusted sources. That’s just a truth of nature. So, to add another item to be checking for when doing your rounds, is any signs of male hemp plants among your crop. If you need help identifying a male from female in real time, reach out to us on social.

  • Prepare For Testing 

With harvest fast approaching, you’re going to need to know how and where to test your plants for their CBD and THC levels. It is recommended that you test your plants well before, and regularly, before harvest to track their levels before final harvest. That way you wont have any unpleasant surprises when harvest finally comes if you’re intending on harvesting for extraction purposes. There are many labs you can find online you can utilize for testing purposes, as well as some universities. Check what is available in your area and what their procedures and costs are. 

  • Show Us What You’re Growing 

Remember to enter for a chance to win prizes all summer long by sharing photos with us via email hello@blueforestfarms.com or on our social channels: Instagram, Facebook, and Twitter @blueforestfarmsThis is your chance to show off how all of your hard work is paying off! 

Hemp Irrigation

Organic Hemp Farm Irrigation Methods

6000 4000 Blue Forest Farms

Maintaining Your Organic Hemp Farm

There are tons of articles and guides being published on how to properly start and maintain a hemp farm. We’ve published a few ourselves at Blue Forest Farms! The market for these kinds of things is big, with a ton of brand new farmers eager to find a foothold in this booming industry. Yet there are some aspects of growing hemp that get far less attention than others. We’re talking, of course, about irrigation.

Hemp Farming Irrigation

While it might not seem like the most important topic of hemp farming to focus on early, it is absolutely one new farmers should be aware of. Meeting hemp’s water and nutritional requirements can mean the difference between decent and truly high-quality CBD producing hemp. If growing hemp for its CBD content is why you’re farming, irrigation should now be one of your top priorities. If done correctly, proper irrigation can even help you keep your crop THC compliant. Here are a few things every hemp farmer, new and old, should be aware of when it comes to properly irrigating your hemp for success.

Hemp and Water

Hemp is a strong, resilient plant that can adapt to many different environments and weather climates. Even a hemp plant growing in fairly poor conditions still has a good chance of surviving. That said, there is a major difference between surviving and thriving! Keeping hemp healthy, especially when you’re growing it for CBD production is obviously a better goal. Given adequate amounts of water, hemp will grow heavier and have higher and more concentrated cannabinoid levels. Hemp that receives adequate water has a much lower chance of THC spikes that can occur due to dry soil. In general, a crop of hemp needs somewhere around 20 to 30 inches of water each season. Many areas may not get that much rainfall in a season, at least not predictably, which is where irrigation systems come in. Researchers at Colorado State University observed that hemp fields with irrigation systems produced a yield almost three times larger than non-irrigated fields. Yes, you read that right – three times larger!

Drip System

Perhaps the most advantageous irrigation system specifically for CBD hemp farms is the drip system. Drip systems, unlike traditional overhead irrigation systems, water the roots of hemp plants directly through strips that run just under the soil. This is far more efficient in allowing more water to be directly absorbed by the plant, and cuts down on wasted water that evaporates or fails to reach the roots. This system can even reduce your total water consumption by up to 60% in some cases. It also allows for extra nutrients to be added into the drip line, directly feeding the plants far faster and easier than by hand. This system also helps prevent fungus and weed growth as there is little to no excess water and nutrients in the surrounding soil. Finally, the automated nature of a drip system makes the entire watering process simple and easy. Additional sensors can even be installed to fully automate the system and provide water only when needed, no matter how much or little natural rain there is. Drip systems are also fairly simple to install and maintain, so they’re equally suitable for backyard grows and larger farms.

Other Irrigation Options

While drip irrigation is something of the unofficial top choice when it comes to irrigation systems for hemp, that doesn’t mean there aren’t other options. If you have an existing irrigation system you can use that on your hemp farm. Let’s talk about the ways other common irrigation systems work for hemp.

Farm Sprinkler Systems

Micro-Sprinklers

Micro-sprinklers are probably the next best system after drip irrigation, and can be installed if irrigation water has a lot of sediment, which might make a drip system unsuitable. They hang just above the hemp,  and only spray in small, contained areas rather than a wide range or through pipes. This keeps water consumption down and reduces evaporation by targeting smaller areas.

Center Pivot System

The center pivot system is another irrigation method. It’s popular and widely used on farms for general irrigation. While it certainly can work for hemp, it is also the least efficient. This system uses a sprayer fixed in the center of the field that can rotate as it sprays to cover the entire crop. These work best on either circular or square-shaped fields, and can be modified to extend the range, if necessary.

Linear Move

Linear move systems are very similar to central pivot, only instead of being fixed in the center, the sprinkler system itself moves across the field as it sprays. These really only work well for rectangular-shaped fields on very flat ground. Both center pivot and linear move systems are somewhat inefficient at water conservation due to a higher evaporation rate than drip or micro sprinklers systems.

Good Irrigation is Good For Everyone!

A good irrigation system can be thought of as being similar to the veins of your body. They are responsible for carrying nutrients to the vital areas – your hemp plants – and keeping them alive and thriving. Certain systems work better under different circumstances. Regardless of which one you choose, the studies all show that an irrigation system can drastically increase your farm’s output and overall quality. After all, a healthier, happier hemp plant is going to be worth far more than one barely surviving or clinging to life. All new farmers should remember to take a close look at irrigation to make sure their farm gets off on the right foot.

Sources:

https://www.fortunahemp.com/hemp-crop-irrigation/

https://www.netafimusa.com/agriculture/solutions-for-your-crop/hemp/

https://pumpbiz.com/blog/irrigation-for-hemp-growers/

https://hempindustrydaily.com/myth-busting-hemp-needs-more-water-than-many-think/

https://www.bonafideseeds.com/industrial-hemp-farming-equipment/

Colorado Hemp Farm

How Much Can You Make Per Acre of Hemp?

2048 1365 Blue Forest Farms

Some of the most common questions on people’s minds when they look at the explosive growth of the hemp industry are: How profitable is hemp? Can hemp make me rich? How much can I make per acre of hemp? In some respects, this is simple to figure out. Estimate the profit per acre by considering how many acres you have to farm and the current market price and subtracting your estimated production costs. An experienced farmer probably knows this stuff off the top of their head, and a simple google search will give you lots of results if you’re just starting out. However, the major factor in how much you can make per acre of hemp is in the purpose of your crop. The three primary products are oils, seed, and fibers, each of which needs to be considered differently when trying to determine how much you can make per acre.

Ways to Make Money Growing Hemp

Fiber

Farming hemp for fiber is the most similar to farming for other crops. The main difference from other crops, as well as from other types of hemp farming, comes post-harvest. In order to process hemp into usable fiber for sale, it must be processed in specialized hemp fiber processing plants. Most farmers will not have access to this equipment and need to consider the costs of either purchasing, building, or paying to have it processed elsewhere. In the field, one acre of hemp can produce around 2.5 to 3 tons worth of fiber. The average price of fiber changes, but is somewhere around $250 to $300 per ton. The actual cost of farming this type of hemp will vary, but an average example would be around $300 to $350 per acre. Using these numbers, the estimated profit could be somewhere around $480 per acre.  Remember, that does not include the cost of post-harvest processing, farming machinery, tools, or the costs to acquire land.

Seeds

Hemp seed has a similar market value as fiber, though seeds are more commonly measured in pounds rather than tons. An average price per pound is in the area of $.060 to $0.65. This may sound like a very small number, however you can expect to harvest around 1,000 pounds of hemp seed per acre of hemp.  Like hemp grown for fiber, the production costs for seed is about $300 to $350 per acre. Doing some quick math, you can expect to make around $250 to $300 per acre when farming for hemp seeds. Again, this does not include any land or equipment costs.

Oil

This is the reason most people have gotten interested in hemp farming lately, and it’s no surprise. Hemp oil, specifically CBD, has been making headlines ever since it started becoming legal to grow. It’s currently one of the fastest-growing, and most highly profitable, industries around. Figuring out how profitable hemp oil actually is, though, is a bit more complicated than for fiber or seed. First, there are two main methods you can use to farm hemp for CBD – agronomic or horticultural. Agronomic is essentially the same as farming hemp as though it were any other crop. This comes with low risk, but also a smaller crop. Horticultural utilizes methods that grow the hemp in specific conditions meant for the cannabis plant. The former is much cheaper, while the latter is more expensive. Horticultural growing is also difficult to scale for most people. Depending on the method used and the amount of CBD produced, one acre of hemp grown for CBD can be worth anywhere between $2,500 and $75,000. The huge range is due to just how variable the difference in the two methods are. In addition, experience as a farmer can put your crop toward the top of that range if you know how to properly grow hemp to maximize CBD percentages. Growing hemp specifically for CBD purposes is more complicated. In addition to the costs for land and equipment, hemp grown for CBD must all be feminized. That means that every year new seeds or clones must be obtained for that season’s planting since your crop won’t produce any seeds of its own.

Hemp Farms Are A Business Opportunity

Still want to get rich on hemp? The opportunities are there, and can come in a wide range of options, each with their own advantages and disadvantages. Fiber and seed production don’t have quite as high a market value, but are a low risk and reliable product to farm. CBD, on the other hand, is the real money maker in the hemp world. To capitalize on that potential profit, though, a level of risk must be taken. No matter which choice you make, the hemp industry is stronger than ever, and only looking to continue rising as popularity increases. There’s never been a better time to invest your acreage in hemp.

Sources:

https://www.bonafideseeds.com/how-much-can-i-make-hemp-farming-profit-per-acre/

https://hempwave.com/how-much-profit-per-acre-does-hemp-farming-make-on-average/

https://www.agriculture.com/crops/10-common-questions-about-hemp-farming

https://www.fortunahemp.com/average-roi-of-hemp-biomass-per-acre/